The three verbals— gerunds, infinitives, and participles—are formed from verbs, but are never used alone as action words in sentences.Instead, verbals function as nouns, adjectives, or adverbs. The infinitive is a verb-form which partakes of the nature of a noun. I want to eat pizza for dinnerThe next section explains what makes infinitive phrases. Here are some examples of objects in infinitive phrases: A modifier is an adjective or adverb that alters other words in a sentence, making it more descriptive. Infinitive phrases and sentences contain a verb, which, when used as a noun, adjective or adverb, is preceded by the word ‘to.’ When the infinitive follows some verbs as the direct object, the word ‘to’ may be dropped. But, they can also provide further information about adjectives and other adverbs. We learn more about the book, or it gets modified, by the phrase \"to help you understand fairy tales.\" Now, we know it's not just a book. In the first sentence, playing board games functions as an object, but playing is also a verb. Examples. It will include one or more objects and/or modifiers. As a noun, they might act as the subject of the sentence. When “to” is attached to a verb in this manner, it’s no longer working as a preposition. It is part of a prepositional phrase if an object or a phrase containing an object follows it. ; To walk in the morning is a good habit. These verbals are important in phrases. A gerund is a verb ending with –ing, but, it works as a noun and can act as a subject, object, or complement in a sentence.Meanwhile, a phrase is a group of words that contains either a subject (noun) or a verb — but not both. We learn more about the book, or it gets modified, by the phrase “to help you understand fairy tales.” Now, we know it’s not just a book. To see Niagara Falls is mind-boggling. Examples include, “to walk,” “to read,” or “to eat.” Infinitives can act as nouns, adjectives, or adverbs. Thus…..I desire to see you (compare I DESIRE A SIGHT OF YOU). ( Here the infinitive phrase, to be admired for his hard work, is qualifying the noun “man”. In the second sentence, reading the news functions as the subject and a verb. The infinitive phrase functions as the direct object of the verb wanted. An infinitive phrase will begin with an infinitive (To + Simple Form of the Verb). [infinitive to reach + object the exit + prepositional phrase from here] In the above examples, to leave the concert, to exit quickly and to reach the exit from here are all infinitive phrases. 2. For example: A. To form to ea t into a split infinitive, you can add an adverb, for example, barely , so that you will have, to barely eat . Here are some examples: When an infinitive phrase acts like an adjective in a sentence, it describes a noun or a pronoun. [infinitive to reach + object the exit + prepositional phrase from here] In the above examples, to leave the concert, to exit quickly and to reach the exit from here are all infinitive phrases. Some nouns can be followed by a to-infinitive.Many of these nouns have been formed from adjectives or verbs normally followed by a to-infinitive:. Infinitives and Infinitive Phrases EXERCISE Underline the infinitive or infinitive phrase in each sentence. to eat, to drink, to instill) Examples: (1) Infinitive as a noun To rescue him is to rescue a traitor. Quite simply, it’s the word “to” plus the base form of a verb, like these: Infinitives are verbal words expressing action, and shouldn’t be confused with a prepositional phrase that begins with “to” (to + noun or pronoun—see How to Avoid Mistakes). They receive the action of the verb. The pictures to see are my family’s baby pictures. In this example, "to meditate after a stressful day" is the direct object of the action verb "likes." Examples of Infinitive Verbs as Nouns. Many verb tenses use a form of the infinitive as the stem to which verb conjugation endings are attached. Here’s an example: Collum likes to meditate after a stressful day. Infinitive phrases begin with the infinitive and include objects or modifiers. Here are some examples off infinitive phrases, both on their own and as part of full sentences: 1. An infinitive phrase will begin with an infinitive (To + Simple Form of the Verb). The word TO is part of an infinitive if a verb follows it. In a sentence, an infinitive can act as a noun, an adjective, or an adverb. Of course, to call my … For example, in the sentence “The bear goes to the forest to hunt food,” the phrase “to the forest” is a prepositional phrase while the phrase “to hunt food” is the infinitive phrase. To kick the ball past the dazed goalie. Log in or register to post comments; Kirk replied on 31 October, 2020 - 08:01 Spain . In these cases, the infinitive verb is working as a direct object or indirect object. TRUE or FALSE: An infinitive phrase is a full sentence. Real sentences showing how to use Infinitive correctly. Caution: Infinitive Phrases. Infinitive: active or passive? You guessed it. ; Verb Stems. The subject, or the person we're talking about, is Collum. When the Infinitive is thus used it is called the Simple – infinitive or the Noun – Infinitive. An INFINITIVE is a verb form that is almost always preceded by the word TO. An infinitive is a verbal (a word that expresses action); so, an infinitive phrase has the same role of expressing action in a sentence. Reading the news is important. 2. 3. nach the next . Certain French verbs are followed directly by the infinitive, while others require a preposition before the infinitive. ; Verb Stems. She organized a boycott to make a statement. He really needs to get his priorities in order. The whole phrase together is acting as a noun (the direct object of love), but you may have noticed that in lakes is an adverbial prepositional phrase.It is telling us where you like to swim.. Direct objects are always nouns, too. Examples: To know Mr. Smith, you have to spend quality time with him. Infinitive phrases and sentences contain a verb, which, when used as a noun, adjective or adverb, is preceded by the word ‘to.’ When the infinitive follows some verbs as the direct object, the word ‘to’ may be dropped. Infinitive phrases serve several grammatical functions in sentences. Here are some examples of gerunds in sentences. https://www.grammar-monster.com/glossary/infinitive_phrase.htm In our house, we use the hall to display photos of our family. In English, infinitive verbs are preceded by the word to, as in to speak, to read, or to write. An infinitive … Peter was the last to watch the film. An infinitive (as the EXAMPLES show) has regularly no subject and therefore lacks both number and person. 2. Here are four more examples of infinitive phrases being used as nouns: As an adjective, an infinitive phrase will modify a noun in the sentence. TRUE or FALSE: Even though they both begin with “to,” infinitive phrases are not the same as prepositional phrases. Then, the sentence completes itself with the linking verb “is” and the subject complement, or the added information about the subject, “titled Once Upon a Time.” Here are three more examples: Finally, we have our friend, the adverb. The main, most essential part of an infinitive phrase is an infinitive. Infinitive phrases may have their own subjects. So, in an infinitive phrase, it’s the word being affected by the infinitive. Examples and Observations The only way to never fail is to never attempt anything. To lick the grease from his shiny fingers despite the disapproving glances of his girlfriend Gloria. Sleeping through the night is difficult for me. Infinitive Phrase. Phrases and clauses. To go to the beach. Let’s look at some infinitive phrase examples. It was helpful for my younger sister. To kick the ball past the dazed goalie. Examples: (1) As a subject: To jog in the park is what I look forward to at weekends. The most popular definition of an adverb is a word that modifies a verb. Yes! I like playing board games. An infinitive phrase is a noun phrase that begins with an infinitive verb. The gerund is obtained by adding the -ing tag to a verb root. There are various structures with noun phrases and the to-infinitive:. Josh agreed to bring me some food. In this example, the subject, or the thing being discussed, is a book. Meanwhile, a phrase is a group of words that contains either a subject (noun) or a verb — but not both. To meditate after a stressful day. See examples of Infinitive in English. Infinitive Phrases. Example 1. She came to collect her ... Subject + to be + noun phrase + to-infinitive. https://www.softschools.com/examples/grammar/infinitives_examples/96 An infinitive expresses __________ in a sentence. Pretty confident, right? What are the infinitive phrases in the following examples? Infinitive Phrases Infinitives beginning with "to" and making up infinitive phrases are separate from prepositional phrases that use "to" (as in "She drove to Chicago") to describe movement. It’s a "to + verb" construct. Learn about each type of infinitive. That: is: a dangerous way: to behave. To help avoid mistakes, you need to know these things: There’s one rule that is really easy to remember: an infinitive phrase can’t be a full sentence on its own. 2. Rather, it’s linking the subject to further information, found in the subject complement. Given their ability to take on the role of nouns, adjectives, or adverbs, they can modify nearly every part of speech. An Infinitive phrases also can qualify a noun. But, now, you can! Here are some examples: When an infinitive phrase works like an adverb, it modifies the verb in a sentence. Gagarin was the first to fly in a spaceship. Here’s an example: To dance beneath the stars with her is Jared’s only goal. Copyright © 2020 LoveToKnow. ; To cheat in the exam is not uncommon nowadays. Ex: to buy, to work. To envision that, let's break it down with an easy example: The best book to help you understand fairy tales is titled Once Upon a Time. 1. For example, “Katherine braved the windstorm to search for her lost dog.”. In this example, the infinitive phrase functions as an adjective because it modifies the noun, you. In a sentence, an infinitive phrase can work like a ___________. In other words, it modifies “left,” which is the verb. Running for president is a serious ambition. In this sentence, the infinitive acts as an adverb. Therefore it is doing the work of an adjective. To err is human. 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