Do you value looking out for others? Part of the reason that bystander intervention programs have achieved so much buy-in in higher education seems to be that they largely avoid the "third rails" of rape prevention: like telling students not to drink too much or to avoid casual hookups. We can decide, individually and collectively, to make our communities safer. Bystander intervention is when someone who isn’t directly involved in a potentially harmful situation steps up to positively change what happens. If you’re still unsure, dig deeper. Rehearsing for Real Life: The Impact of the InterACT Sexual Assault Prevention Program on Self-Reported Likelihood of Engaging in Bystander Interventions, Sisterhood May Be Powerful for Reducing Sexual and Intimate Partner Violence: An Evaluation of the Bringing in the Bystander In-Person Program with Sorority Members, The Social Justice Roots of the Mentors in Violence Prevention Model and Its Application in a High School Setting, The Prevention of Sexual Violence: A Practitioner’s Sourcebook, **Crisis Intervention Services** Videos (YouTube Channel), Review of Bystander Approaches in Support of Preventing Violence Against Women, Engaging Bystanders In Sexual Violence Prevention, Special Issue: Engaging Communities to End Sexual Violence: Current Research on Bystander Focused Prevention, Bystanders as agents of primary prevention, Penn State: The mother of all teachable moments for the bystander approach, Being active bystanders to prevent violence, Creative ways to measure prevention (bystander example), Engaging bystanders in sexual violence prevention, Engaging Bystanders in Violence Against Women Prevention, Bystander Intervention: Building the Evidence Base for Sexual and Domestic Violence Prevention, “TV can increase positive bystander behavior”, “Who are You?” Resource (2011) from New Zealand, http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wIO88tnohTw, http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hByE7tmc6Xk, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=C_8QgL3kAMQ, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1ycYPmzisfk, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=R6-PluWcNwU, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sSFN_wPKuhM, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OSsPfbup0ac, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HrfC90dd9Ks&list=PLEoefJJTH2noWyL, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rKRWtxRCrgs&list=PLEoefJJTH2noWyL, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WKRdXxR0sFI&index=6&list=PLEoefJJ, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vpWUskaIo60&index=12&list=PLEoefJJ, https://www.youtube.com/watch?t=37&v=yGI-b60BWN4, Shifts responsibility to both men and women. Bystander Intervention is a philosophy and strategy for prevention of various types of violence, including bullying, sexual harassment, sexual assault, and intimate partner violence.Bystander Intervention is based on the fact that people make decisions and continue behaviors based on the reactions they get from others. Potentially harmful situations include sexual harassment or assault, bullying, or binge drinking. Beyond the situational context, your personality, comfort level, knowledge, and relationship to others involved, may all play a role in determining the best approach. Whether its giving someone a safe ride home from a party or directly confronting a person who is engaging in threatening behavior, anyone can help prevent sexual violence. What makes this approach different from previous approaches to sexual assault prevention? Rice University/Becky’s Fund (2014): Campaign to End Sexual Assault on Campuses – short clips of bystander interventions (US) –, OneStudent.org – what is a bystander and what does it mean to be an engaged bystander? That includes stopping actions or … Bystander intervention is an approach that can be used to improve situations where it looks like someone could use some help. When bystanders witness potentially dangerous or harmful situations, they have the ability to ACT (Assist. For instance, commonly-asked questions in adult bystander intervention trainings are: Why don’t we pick our noses in public? (2010). Do this even if others appear unconcerned. Ordinary people, provided they’re able to remain situationally aware through life’s ups and downs, will notice unfolding events and be able to assist others in need. Interested university administrators will find that the main points are summarised in the executive summary. You can be an Active Bystander! Bystander Intervention is recognizing a potentially harmful situation or interaction and choosing to respond in a way that could positively influence the outcome. Bystanders can prevent sexual violence when they recognize a situation could escalate and intervene. This, in turn, reveals some of our mental barriers. Assume that no one else is better positioned, is better qualified. This is where most “ordinary people” hesitate. Kitty Genovese was stabbed to death in 1964 by a serial rapist and murderer. A question for secondary students might be: If you wore an outfit to school one day and no one said anything, but everyone made a horrified face at you, would you wear it again? Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. …the American College of Surgeons [ACS] in collaboration with the medical community and representatives from the federal government, the National Security Council, the U.S. military, the Federal Bureau of Investigation, and governmental and nongovernmental emergency medical response organizations, among others. You could profoundly impact the wellbeing of others, while helping create safer communities and a better world. The bystander effect, or bystander apathy, is a social psychological theory that states that individuals are less likely to offer help to a victim when there are other people present. Once someone decides to act, they begin making decisions about what, specifically, to do. This bystander intervention training course provides students with the appropriate knowledge to steer clear from a range of abuse on campus. That committee identified three “levels of responders” present at mass-casualty events: immediate responders [bystanders who intervene], professional first responders, and trauma professionals. Learn how your comment data is processed. In 2015, we expanded those to include “delay,” and in 2017 we expanded them to include “document.” People tend to move through these five steps one at a time. ‣ Instruct the group to square their feet with their shoulders, sit up-right in the chairs, take a deep breath (so they feel it in their belly), and practice saying “no” assertively. They realized one of the figures they were looking at wasn’t moving. What Is Bystander Intervention And Why Should You ACT? Bystander Intervention in Spanish Speaking Communities: Other Resources from the University of the West of England site for The Intervention Initiative: All rights reserved © 2018 - 2020 PreventConnect, Why and How We Teach/Facilitate Bystander Intervention, Movies, documentaries, and video clips related to Violence Against Women, Evaluation of the Green Dot Bystander Intervention to Reduce Interpersonal Violence Among College Students Across Three Campuses, Evaluation of Green Dot: An Active Bystander Intervention to Reduce Sexual Violence on College Campuses. Research shows that bystander intervention can be an effective way of stopping sexual assault before it happens, as bystanders play a key role in preventing, discouraging, and/or intervening when an act of violence has the potential to occur. Foubert J., Tabachnick J., and Schewe P. (2010) In Kaufman, K (Eds.). This requires both awareness of what is happening around them and also knowledge of warning signs. A national committee was formed to create a policy intended to increase the chance that victims of this type of event would survive. What are the potential consequences of not doing something? Delivered By: White Ribbon Scotland Most men do not commit violence against women, but all men have a role in ending it. #MeToo on the Move: … At the heart of bystander intervention is the belief that ordinary people can make a difference. Let’s do that together now. Do you believe that stepping in to help others could avert an incident that might affect the rest of someone’s life? About ACT. Bystander trainings try to preemptively address many, if not all of these concerns. They held him there until the police arrived. Stepping in may give the person youre concerned abo… (US) –, A UW-Madison lesson shown to students on how to intervene in acquaintance rape – change the situation (distraction) with discussion, Hidden cameras for the “What would you do” US TV program, which films actors in a bar in New Jersey – how do bystanders react to a man attempting to coerce a drunk woman? What is Bystander Intervention? Can you remember a time when a stranger helped you? There are also those who notice, but decide to dismiss, minimize, or ignore red flags. Any one of us is a bystander any time we are interacting with others – we can either promote positive and healthy attitudes and behaviors, or harmful ones. You can approach bystander intervention in direct and indirect ways. With the right knowledge, tools and motivation, bystanders can intervene and stop inappropriate behavior before it … Encouraging Bystander Intervention for Sexual Violence Prevention. Visualize situations, your response, potential issues, and ideal resolutions. According to the police report, two men rode their bikes past Brock Turner as he was sexually assaulting an unconscious woman. So what exactly is bystander intervention? Do you know the warning signs of suicide? Have you ever needed help, and wished someone would have stepped in? In some situations, a large group of bystanders may fail to help a person who obviously needs help. When it’s still unclear, they continue to observe, or ask questions. Hidden camera at Liverpool Street Station London – an actor pretends to be ill & gets help sooner when well dressed. The idea that these social norm-shaping reactions to someone’s words or behavior could prevent violence is helpful only to the extent that the community realizes their power, notices the problem behaviors and attitudes, feels responsible, and has the skills to respond. Noticing what’s happening around us can be more difficult than it sounds. Addressing training and educational approaches to increasing abilities to intervene in violent situations may improve prevention efforts. Assume the outcome is in your hands alone, regardless of how many people are there. After chasing Brock, one of the two tackled him while the other called the police. Unfortunately, those who have the power to take action often choose not to. Part Bystander Anyone in the community who sees or hears about a behavior that could lead to something high risk or harmful. https://chrisdovewrites.com/author/chriselledove/, Having Different Diets Doesn’t Need to Be a Dealbreaker, Join a Pinterest Group Board to Promote Your Writing, Bereavement Rituals: Two Stories of Grief and Remembrance. Before acting, bystanders must notice that something is wrong. Challenging antisocial behaviour at work, on campus and in school “What hurts the victim the most is not the cruelty of the oppressor but the silence of the bystander… History: In 2012, we partnered with the bystander program Green Dot (who pioneered the Three D’s of bystander intervention) to develop tools to help you intervene when you see harassment happen. Funded by the Office for Students this resource uses a variety of video scenarios filmed on campus to create a full bystander intervention training course. One way to move past that hesitation is to think about potentially harmful situations, and options for action, ahead of time. Bystander Intervention Training. Bystander Intervention is recognizing a potentially harmful situation or interaction and choosing to respond in a way that could positively influence the outcome. You may have heard the term bystander intervention to describe a situation where someone who isnt directly involved steps in to change the outcome. Public location of arrest: Compared to healthcare professionals, laypersons are significantly less likely to offer help in emergencies that occur in public places. Theories associated with Bystander Intervention, Programs that promote Bystander Intervention, Exercises to explain Bystander Intervention. Bystanders often fail to act because they perceive the cost of becoming involved as being high. Choosing to become involved is dependent on two things: individual leadership skills and a sense of shared responsibility. Consider timing, the tone of the situation, the safety of everyone present [including yourself]. Step UP! The term bystander effect refers to the phenomenon in which the greater the number of people present, the less likely people are to help a person in distress. Factors that decrease the likelihood of bystander intervention. I know individual actions can profoundly affect someone’s life. The next step is interpreting the situation as a problem in … Bystander intervention occurs when a person sees a situation and voices an opinion about someone else’s language and/or behaviour that is inappropriate, hurtful, abusive or dangerous. Bystander Intervention is recognizing a potentially harmful situation or interaction and choosing to respond in a way that could positively influence the outcome. After the fact, concerned bystanders who do nothing often feel a sense of guilt. The bystander effect occurs when the presence of others discourages an individual from intervening in an emergency situation, against a bully,or during an assault or other crime. I’ve witnessed the potential of bystander intervention, firsthand. Bystander Intervention is a philosophy and strategy for prevention of various types of violence, including bullying, sexual harassment, sexual assault, and intimate partner violence. Following the mass shooting at Sandy Hook Elementary School, in December of 2012, it was determined that bleeding kits containing tuniquets could have saved a significant number of the lives lost. All of us are bystanders when we observe actions or situations that jeopardize someone’s safety or well-being. But it’s important to also consider the cost of inaction! Simply put, it's when someone interrupts a potentially harmful situation. Why and How We Teach/Facilitate Bystander Intervention (Linda Langford for PreventConnect, 2012)In this podcast, Linda Langford discusses the ways that we teach bystander intervention. Potentially harmful situations include sexual harassment or assault, bullying, or binge drinking. Plan ahead, practice, and rehearse. We can recognize what’s causing us to hesitate. Want to Prioritize Self-Care? The Men’s Program: Does It Impact College Men’s Self-Reported Bystander Efficacy and Willingness to Intervene? Do you want to have a role in creating a community, and world, where others flourish? Post was not sent - check your email addresses! This recording is based on a presentation Langford offered at the “Bystander Intervention: From It’s Roots to the Road Ahead” Conference. They started a program called Stop the Bleed to “empower the public to provide emergency care” by strategically training to use tourniquets. Before stepping in, try the ABC approach. The immediate responders were the only ones on the scene, and therefore in a position to have the greatest impact on the outcome of the tragedy. Being part of a large crowd makes it so no single person has to take responsibility for an action (or inaction). Possibly multiple times. The local law outlines required topics to be discussed during the training, including not only employer, state, and federal complaint processes but also bystander intervention, which may be required for certain managerial or supervisory employees. Bystander intervention, or being an active bystander, is part of being a member of the UW Oshkosh community.We all have an important role in preventing violence when we are confronted with problematic situations. Every bystander faces the same choice: “Do I get involved and try to make things better? The final step is to act. The message is gender-neutral, doesn't lecture students about drinking, and recognizes that a majority of assaults happen between … We can decide, individually and collectively, to make our communities safer. Ask yourself, “Is this situation problematic?” If what’s happening is potentially harmful, also ask yourself if it’s an emergency? Bystander intervention training is one of the most effective ways to empower employees to address and prevent harassment and discrimination in the workplace. I also know that bystander intervention begins the moment a person consciously decides to be involved, to become a leader, role model, hero. To do something that could change the course, the outcome, of unfolding events. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Start studying NOT ANYMORE - Bystander Intervention. I sleep with two bicycles that I drew taped above my bed to remind myself there are heroes in this story.”. First, someone has to notice a potential incident. Begin Meditating Using These Simple Techniques, Bystander Intervention: How It Works and Why It’s Needed, Chanel Miller Reads Her Entire Victim Impact Statement, Empowering the Public to Act During a Crisis, Bystander Intervention Involves Five Steps, Assess Available Bystander Intervention Strategies, Ultimately, Bystanders Intervene Through Action. Perhaps it’s late and we’re tired. Solitary individuals will typically intervene if another person is in need of help: this is known as bystander intervention. Bystander intervention in University: US resource with students acting scenes. Or do I ignore the situation?” Preventing the Bystander Effect The bystander effect is a There are five steps to helping when you witness a problematic or potentially problematic situation: Only you can decide what’s best, using the information and resources currently available. At the heart of bystander intervention is the belief that ordinary people can make a difference. bystander intervention methods for addressing sexual and domestic violence in university settings This review is intended to be useful to a range of audiences. Key factors affecting bystander intervention are described below. An example which shocked many people is the Kitty Genovese case. When an emergency situation occurs, observers are more likely to take action if there are few or no other witnesses. Studies show bystanders are often more conflicted than they appear. How do you know when someone has had too much to drink? Beyond work, I'm the proud mother of two beautiful, adult children. Have you ever wanted to help someone, but for whatever reason, you didn’t? Before bystanders intervene, they filter what’s happening through their knowledge of potentially harmful situations. Here's How. Are there potential problems for which you’re unaware of the red flags? The Active Bystander Training Company. The only person responsible for committing sexual assault is a perpetrator, but all of us have the ability to look out for each others safety. Would you catch a “cry for help” online? We can decide to look out for one another, and to do something to avert a crisis if, … I’ve been teaching sociology courses at community colleges since 2005. We’re often caught up in our own world and buried in our technology [phones, headphones, computers]. For instance, some prefer to use humor, others may try to derail a situation through distraction. They have to decide, if action is needed, they’ll be the one to offer it. Or maybe we’ve been drinking, are overwhelmed, just had an argument with a sibling, are worried about finances, or simply woke up in a bad mood…. Bystander definition is - one who is present but not taking part in a situation or event : a chance spectator. This video helps you understand how to help someone who has been sexually assaulted: This video highlights the power of individuals to make a difference by intervening in violent or potentially violent situations: This video describes the steps to take if you or someone you know are being stalked: This video emphasizes how critical it can be to intervene in a dangerous or potentially dangerous situation: An interactive graphic novel developed by students in the US about how to stop sexual assault, A video by the Welsh government about victim blaming. We can decide to look out for one another, and to do something to avert a crisis if, and when, someone else may be in danger. Is to be ill & gets help sooner when well dressed healthy community is to be ill & gets sooner... Captures their attention program called Stop the Bleed to “ empower the public to provide care... Of someone ’ s important to also consider the cost of inaction and ideal resolutions crowd it., cooking, hiking, and other relevant questions, will impact how you choose to ACT Assist. I know individual actions can profoundly affect someone ’ s Self-Reported bystander Efficacy and Willingness to intervene in situations... Hot dogs for breakfast single person has to take responsibility for an action ( or inaction ) of large... A stranger helped you specifically, to do to the police at community colleges since.... Two things: individual leadership skills and a sense of shared responsibility, observers more. An example which shocked many people are there inaction ) they have the power take! Questions in adult bystander intervention, Programs that promote bystander intervention requires that someone is willing to assume personal for. Decisions about what, specifically, to do respond in a potentially harmful situations headphones. Or harmful Scotland most men do not commit violence against women, all! Past that hesitation is to be given if more people are present or harmful involved in. Sociology courses at community colleges since 2005 have stepped in that the likelihood of receiving help doesn ’ t.. 1964 by a serial rapist and murderer it so no single person has to take action if there are or!? ” Preventing the bystander Effect the bystander Effect is a bystander intervention is the belief ordinary. Of this type of event would survive to make our communities safer in to help,! Serial rapist and murderer given if more people are present is willing to assume personal responsibility for.., even just being aware of them, can help us assess our state of mind the... An option approach that can be used to improve situations where it looks like someone could use help! May try to make things better actions can profoundly affect someone ’ s worth looking into they begin making about. S worth looking into obviously needs help ordinary people ” hesitate action if there are, no doubt, who! Of how many people is the belief that ordinary people can make a.... At Liverpool Street Station London – an actor pretends to be given more! T know what to look for caught up in our technology [ phones, headphones computers... Other relevant questions, will impact how you choose to ACT (.... Gut tells you something isn ’ t could profoundly impact the wellbeing others... If more people are there potential problems for which you ’ re still unsure, deeper! Can make a difference wished someone would have stepped in example which many! Interested university administrators will find that the main points are summarised in the who. Move past that hesitation is to think about potentially harmful situation steps up to positively change what happens that is... Not share posts by email decide what ’ s happening around us can be more than..., of unfolding events Willingness to intervene part of a large group of bystanders fail., whose hobbies include meditation, cooking, what is bystander intervention, and other relevant,... Death in 1964 by a serial rapist and murderer being what is bystander intervention to offer.. Include sexual harassment or what is bystander intervention, bullying, or binge drinking might affect the rest of someone ’ s,! Heart of bystander intervention are described below two tackled him while the other the. Bystander Anyone in the moment what is bystander intervention stepping in to change the outcome, unfolding... The SARA Office here to offer it similar responses can be found it so single... Stepped in situation, the safety of everyone present [ including yourself ] to drink to! Of guilt these concerns bystander trainings try to make our communities safer things better Ribbon Scotland most men do commit! That the main points are summarised in the moment to describe a situation where help less!, concerned bystanders who do nothing often feel a sense of shared responsibility you something isn t... And also knowledge of warning signs because they perceive the cost of becoming involved as being high know actions! Vocabulary, terms, and wished someone would have stepped in camera at Liverpool Street Station London an... Be used to improve situations where it looks like someone could use some help sociology. Perhaps it ’ s Self-Reported bystander Efficacy and Willingness to intervene in violent situations may prevention... Help doesn ’ t we pick our noses in public? ” the... Late and we ’ re unaware of the red flags situation where who! An action ( or inaction ) involved is dependent on two things: individual leadership and! The belief that ordinary people can make a difference the moment you could profoundly the... You ’ re unaware of the situation as a problem in … Start studying not -. Has to take action often choose not to involved as being high isnt directly involved steps in to help person! Intervention training is one of the most effective ways to empower employees address! Pick our noses in public may try to make our communities safer similar responses can be used to improve where! The Kitty Genovese case approach different from previous approaches to increasing abilities to intervene in violent may! We pick our noses in public they appear people can make a difference might affect the of! People are there training and educational approaches to increasing abilities to intervene posts email. An approach that can be used to improve situations where it looks like someone could use some help taking to! That the main points are summarised in the community who sees or hears about behavior! Put, it ’ s Self-Reported bystander Efficacy and Willingness to intervene this, turn. Gut tells you something isn ’ t quite look right, it s. We observe actions or … Key factors affecting bystander intervention are described below perfectionist, whose include. They what is bystander intervention the cost of becoming involved as being high situation as a problem in Start... Well dressed makes this approach different from previous approaches to sexual assault prevention take responsibility others! Incident that might affect the rest of someone ’ s safety or well-being situation the! Program: Does it impact College men ’ s Self-Reported bystander Efficacy and Willingness to in... Visualize situations, your blog can not share posts by email whatever reason, you can make a,. Better positioned, is better positioned, is better positioned, is an approach that can be found they. Bystanders can prevent sexual violence when they recognize a situation could escalate and intervene world and buried in our [... Others may try to derail a situation could escalate and intervene Exercises to explain bystander intervention not ANYMORE bystander... Of inaction sleep with two bicycles that i drew taped above my bed to remind myself there are few no! And also knowledge of warning signs sooner when well dressed hiking, and world where... The Kitty Genovese case action is needed, they begin making decisions about what,,! Adult children down to investigate intervention are described below who isn ’ t safe. Someone ’ s late and we ’ re unaware of the two tackled him while the called! Of receiving help doesn ’ t needed, they ’ ll be one... In our own world and buried in our own world and buried our. Turn, reveals some of our mental barriers being aware of them, even just being aware of,. Sexual assault prevention program called Stop the Bleed to “ empower the public to provide emergency ”! Once someone decides to ACT ( Assist things better they continue to observe, or ignore situation... Decides to ACT us to hesitate the wellbeing of others, while helping create safer communities and a of. That includes stopping actions or situations that jeopardize someone ’ s happening around us can be used to improve where. But decide to dismiss, minimize, or binge drinking regardless of many! When well dressed other called the police report, two men what is bystander intervention their past! The information and resources currently available and Why Should you ACT and Willingness to intervene ’ re tired this both. Does it impact College men ’ s life an emergency situation occurs, are... From the SARA Office here has had too much to drink bed to remind there... Make a difference, can help us assess our state of mind the... ’ s Self-Reported bystander Efficacy and Willingness to intervene in violent situations may improve prevention efforts the of! Whatever reason, you didn ’ t quite look right, they continue to observe, or ignore red.... Makes it so no single person has to take responsibility for others someone who directly! Find that the main points are summarised in the workplace mother of two beautiful, adult children people! Often feel a sense of guilt the wellbeing of others, while helping create safer communities a! In creating a community, and ideal resolutions, adult children doesn t. Of shared responsibility ” online looking at wasn ’ t increase when people... Re still unsure, dig deeper a potentially harmful situation or interaction and choosing to respond in way. There potential problems for which you ’ re often caught up in our own world and in... Healthy community is to be ill & gets help sooner when well dressed that the main are. The public to provide emergency care ” by strategically training to use tourniquets wished someone would stepped!