The struggles of other ethnic groups for political power in Afghanistan – such … These communities are endogamous and some have secret languages. The official languages in Afghanistan are Pashto and Dari. Interestingly, Aimaq women are not as restricted as other women in rural Afghanistan. Though Pashtuns typically reside to the south of the Hindukush range, a substantial number of them is also found in the north due to internal deportations ordered by Afghan governments since the end of the 19th century. Still, there are generally certain regions where one of the ethnic groups tend to dominate the population. The Nuristani are an Indo-Iranian people, representing a third independent branch of the Aryan peoples (Indo-Aryan, Iranian and Nuristani), who live in isolated regions of northeastern Afghanistan as well as across the border in the district of Chitral in Pakistan. Very small groups reported, but outside the Joshua Project Small Group Policy. Women adorn themselves in brightly colored clothes while men wear cloaks and round caps. Pashtun is an ethnic group predominant in Afghanistan and Pakistan characterized as warriors. The official languages in Afghanistan are Pashto and Dari. These ethnic groups of Afghanistan have their own way of living, defined by unwritten code. The Afghan National Anthem and the Afghan Constitution each mention fourteen of them, though the lists are not exactly the same. Ethnic boundaries no longer retain their prewar legitimacy. They are between 6 to 7 million.[8]. Recently, the Taliban has started to recruit more heavily from ethnic minorities, expanding … The country is located along historic trade routes, and those used by militaries during invasions, between Eastern Asia and Western Asia. Smaller groups include the Pashai, Pamiri, Kyrgyz, Arabs, Gujjar and Moghol. Other major ethnic groups in Afghanistan include Turkmen (3%) and Balochi (Baluch) (2%). The formation of the state of Afghanistan was due to an expansion of Persian tribes. Pashtuns for example are highly concentrated in southern Afghanistan and parts of the east, but nevertheless large minorities exist elsewhere. The population of the country is divided into the following ethnolinguistic groups: Pashtun, Tajik, Hazara, Uzbek, Aimaq, Turkmen, Baloch, Pashai, Nuristani, Gujjar, Arab, Brahui, Pamiri, Kyrgyz and few others. Violating the ecosystem of the people of Afghanistan under the name of nomads, settlement of other ethnic groups under similar pretext in provinces…. Afghanistan is a country in Central Asia. It therefore enjoys a mixture of cultures borrowed from Europe, Eastern and Western Asia. Afghanistan is a multiethnic society consisting of a wide variety of ethno linguistic groups. A great example of an ethnic group overrepresented in the scholarly literature is the Nuristanis (who are more accurately a group of people speaking a variety of Nuristani languages and with varying cultures who often get lumped together). The Tajik form the second largest ethnic group in Afghanistan. is not accurate. [2] Despite being of various ethnic groups, in a research poll that was conducted in 2009, 72% of the population labelled their identity as Afghan first, before ethnicity.[3]. Tajiks are famous for their elaborate embroideries on fabric. They are also known as Afghans and the name ‘Afghanistan’ translates to ‘land of the Afghans’, equally meaning ‘land of the Pashtuns’. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (help) ^ a b Kieffer, Ch. The Afghan National Anthem and the Afghan Constitution mention a total of 14 ethnic groups. It became prominent during the Khalji, Lodi, and Suri dynasties of Northern India. [2] It was used to refer to a common legendary ancestor known as "Afghana", propagated to be grandson of King Saul of Israel. [21] The total number of Tajiks in Afghanistan was around 4.3 million in 1995,[6] and the Encyclopædia Britannica explains that by the early 21st century they constituted about one-fifth of the population. Afghanistan’s beautiful architecture is seen in their mosques and homes. Of the major ethicities, the geographic distribution can be varied. In Afghanistan, there are several ethnic and linguistic groups and also there are several Islamic sects who live in this country and they are organized in a hierarchical structure in the society. Pashtuns are predominantly Muslim. They speak Uzbek, a Turkic language. Islam has a significant influence on the Pashtun culture such as their clothing. While national culture of Afghanistan is not uniform, at the same time, the various ethnic groups have no clear boundaries between each other and there is much overlap. [28] Hazaras tend to be mostly concentrated in the wider "Hazarajat" region of central Afghanistan,[29] while Uzbeks are mostly populated in the north. [9] They follow Sunni Islam like most of the other Afghans. [7] They reside mainly in the Hazarajat region in central Afghanistan. Many Afghans are bilingual. In Pakistan, insurgencies by Baloch nationalists in Balochistan province have been fought in 1948, 1958–59, 1962–63 and 1973–1977 – with a new ongoing and reportedly stronger, broader insurgency beginning in 2003. Hazaras occupy the rugged central highlands regions in Afghanistan. What is most remarkable in the study of Afghanistan’s ethnic groups is the disparity in who gets studied and who does not. )", "The ethnic composition of afghanistan in different sources", Southern Center for International Studies, "TAJIK i. [13] Some believe that ethnic Afghan is an adaptation of the Prakrit ethnonym Avagana, attested in the 6th century CE. There has been a debate as to who qualifies to be Pashtun but the widely agreed view is that Pashtuns are Eastern Iranian people who speak Pashto as their first language. Spice… They use proverbs and common sayings in their daily conversation. [33], The population of Afghanistan was estimated in 2017 at 29.2 million. Some notable Pashtuns of Afghanistan include: Hamid Karzai, Ashraf Ghani, Nazo Tokhi, Wazir Akbar Khan, Malalai of Maiwand, Abdul Ahad Momand, Zalmay Khalilzad, the Afghan Girl, Hedayat Amin Arsala, Abdul Rahim Wardak, Sher Mohammad Karimi, Abdul Salam Azimi, Zalmai Rassoul, Omar Zakhilwal, Ghulam Farooq Wardak, Anwar ul-Haq Ahady, Daud Shah Saba, Mohammad Gulab Mangal, Gul Agha Sherzai, Asadullah Khalid, Mohammad Hanif Atmar, Mohammad Ishaq Aloko, Mohammed Omar, Gulbuddin Hekmatyar, Ahmad Zahir, Nashenas, Ubaidullah Jan, Naghma, Farhad Darya, Suhaila Seddiqi, Shukria Barakzai, Fauzia Gailani, the Hotakis, Durranis, Nashers, and Karzais. Afghanistan is a loosily knit conglomeration of number of ethnic groups, chief of whom are Pashtuns, Tajiks, Uzbeks and Hazaras. The Karzai administration, which is led by Hamid Karzai, is dominated by Pashtun ministers.[16]. Pashtunwali code defines the culture of the Pa… Like a number of other Afghan ethnic groups, the Pushtun extend beyond Afghanistan into Pakistan where they constitute a major ethnic group of about 14 million. Even the subsequent Taliban takeover was supported and led by Pashtun groups. Afghanistan is a multiethnic and mostly-tribal society. The groups listed below are not included in overall Joshua Project people group counts. Afghanistan, landlocked multiethnic country located in the heart of south-central Asia. [19] Alternative names for the Tajiks are Fārsī (Persian), Fārsīwān (Persian-speaker), and Dīhgān (cf. Afghanistan Table of Contents. Tajiks form the second largest ethnic group in Afghanistan. The Uzbeks of Afghanistan are Sunni Muslims and fluent in Uzbek language. Ethnic groups in the north, under Masood’s Northern Alliance, and the south, aided in part by Hamid Karzai, continue to battle the Taliban for control of the country. The Turkmens are a smaller Turkic-speaking ethnic group in Afghanistan. Contributor Names [United States. Many Afghans are bilingual. According to other sources, some Pashtuns may be the Lost tribes of Israel who converted to Islam during the Arab Empire. Generally the four major ethnic groups … Uzbeks were part of the Northern Alliance, which fought against the Taliban regime. Decorative carvings on stone can be seen in Tajik homes. Uzbeks form the largest Turkic group in Afghanistan, and they constitute 9% of the total population in the country. Spiced rice dishes are a staple in Afghanistan. Pashtun make up the largest ethnic group in Afghanistan, followed by Tajiks, Hazara, Uzbek, Aimaks, Baloch, and others. Most of the Hazaras are Shi'a Muslims, and some of their minorities are Sunni Muslims. Some notable Hazaras of Afghanistan include: Abdul Ali Mazari, Commander Shafi Hazara, Ismael Balkhi, Karim Khalili, Sultan Ali Keshtmand, Habiba Sarābi, Sarwar Danish, Ustad Muhammad Akbari, Sima Samar, Ramazan Bashardost, Abdul Haq Shafaq, Sayed Anwar Rahmati, Qurban Ali Urozgani, Azra Jafari, Ahmad Shah Ramazan, Muhammad Mohaqiq, Ahmad Behzad, Nasrullah Sadiqi Zada Nili, Abbas Noyan, Fahim Hashimy, Rohullah Nikpai, Hamid Rahimi, Fariba Rezayee, Wakil Hussain Allahdad and Dawood Sarkhosh. As a result, they are often viewed as outsiders. They are Sunni Muslims, speak Aimaq dialect of the Persian close to Dari, and refer to themselves with tribal designations. [9] In the 1990s their number was put at around 200,000. Aimaq, meaning "tribe" in Turkic-Mongolic (Oymaq), is not an ethnic denomination, but differentiates semi-nomadic herders and agricultural tribal groups of various ethnic origins including the Hazara, Tajik and Baluch, that were formed in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. Tea is an integral beverage in their homes. Afghanistan is a country in the greater Middle East. Ethnic groups in Afghanistan. note: current statistical data on the sensitive subject of ethnicity in Afghanistan are not available, and ethnicity data from small samples of respondents to opinion polls are not a reliable alternative; Afghanistan's 2004 constitution recognizes 14 ethnic groups: Pashtun, Tajik, Hazara, Uzbek, Baloch, Turkmen, Nuristani, Pamiri, Arab, Gujar, Brahui, Qizilbash, Aimaq, and Pashai In the 1990s their number figure was put at 100,000 but they are around 200,000 today. [30] Some places are very diverse: the city of Kabul for example has been considered a "melting pot" where large populations of the major ethnic groups reside, albeit traditionally with a distinct "Kabuli" identity. [citation needed], The Hazaras are the third largest ethnic group in Afghanistan. [14], The modern Afghan national identity developed in the mid 18th century under the rule of Ahmad Shah Durrani, who united all the tribes and formed the last Afghan empire. THE ETHNONYM: ORIGINS AND APPLICATION", "The Networks of Kunduz: A History of Conflict and Their Actors, from 1992 to 2001", "2003 National Geographic Population Map", http://www.understandingwar.org/tajikistan-and-afghanistan, https://repository.upenn.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1012&context=senior_seminar, https://info.publicintelligence.net/MCIA-AfghanCultures/Uzbeks.pdf, https://abcnews.go.com/International/story?id=80419&page=1, "Afghan Population 29.2 Million - Pajhwok Afghan News", "Senators stress caution in ID cards issuance", "Ethnic groups: Pashtun 42%, Tajik 27%, Hazara 9%, Uzbek 9%, Aimak 4%, Turkmen 3%, Baloch 2%, other 4%", "Afghanistan in 2018 – A survey of the Afghan people", "Afghanistan in 2012 – A survey of the Afghan people", "Afghanistan in 2010 – A survey of the Afghan people", "Afghanistan in 2009: A Survey of the Afghan People", "Afghanistan in 2007 – A survey of the Afghan people", "Afghanistan in 2006 – A survey of the Afghan people", "Afghanistan in 2004 – A survey of the Afghan people", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ethnic_groups_in_Afghanistan&oldid=993741529, Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2014, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from December 2014, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 12 December 2020, at 06:25. 1990S was estimated at 125,000 by some ; the Nuristani prefer a of..., Kyrgyz, Arabs, Gujjar and Moghol, sometimes called Pashtunistan, by! 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