I bet we made 15 or 20 miles that day. Primed with the names of a few Catawba potters—but no phone numbers—I find myself in a tiny town with the name of Catawba. Trade in pottery saved the Nation from extinction. The Catawba claimed a trade network that covered the entire 55,000 square miles occupied by Catawban speakers and beyond to nations with which they maintained friendly relations. Georgia Harris felt that peddling pottery was a thing of the past, but she took the opportunity to pay tribute to her grandmother's strength whenever possible. An AZO symbol on the back of the card is dated 1927-40. Hornblower Cruises & Events: Definitely for the younger generation - See 871 traveler reviews, 419 candid photos, and great deals for New York City, NY, at Tripadvisor. Charleston's most discriminating cooks considered the traditional Catawba cooking pot as essential for certain dishes (Simms 1859). Ground was broken in 2020 at the site along I-85 just north of the SC/NC state line. Perhaps the best-known Catawba potter in recent decades was Sara Ayers (1919-2002; above, with one of her signature pieces--a Chief Haigler pot), whose exemplary signed art is some of the most avidly sought by collectors. They were both exposed to ceramics as undergraduates. Another local out let was Jack Glasscock's store located within easy walking distance of the reservation. I took the pot and gave her three things to eat: a sandwich, a piece of fruit, and a piece of cake. I have been collecting emails and post from the message boards , i'm trying to put some kind of time frame to the Skipper and Dozier surnames on my family tree. We have always taken the pottery for granted. ... is younger generation in v arious pottery making v illages. (4" x 3.5"; signed by Edna Brown, b. The work of archaeologists complements the work of historians. They also farmed and planted corn extensively in rich river bottomlands. The attitudes of those who speak of them today may reflect how the Catawba felt as they set out on long peddling trips loaded down with pottery: Sarah Jane Harris made big pots, gypsy pots, big ones. 1969. (5.75" x 5"; signed by Viola Robbins; 1997), Three Small Pieces (Today there is actually a historical site at New Philadelphia called "Schoenbrunn Village.") Sometimes we would build a fire and cook some bacon or ham, whatever we wanted. Hilton Pond Center. Merrell, J. H. 1989. She had vivid recollections of their visits to her home. Many of the Catawba remember spending hours at Winthrop College with their elders. Such gifts are tax-deductible at your designated market value of the pot. Trips that once took days could be made in hours (Edith Brown, interview, 21 April 1977, BC). ... even if it’s a broken piece of pottery. Some accompanied their mothers or grandmothers. During the time Lucinda Harris was peddling pottery, the Catawba population was at its lowest, and the Indians could hardly maintain a wide trading area on foot or by wagon. Her education gave her advantages no one else in her family had ever dreamed possible. (2.5" x 4.5"; unusual design of a small bowl formed atop a Now we'd walk all day long and trade. Well, Lucinda stuck her fist right down that dog's throat, right up past the wrist, and that dog backed up and went back to the house. Japanese trains are one of the most punctual in the world. NOTE: The greenish tint on many pieces depicted on these pages is an artifact--the result of taking our photos outdoors under a canopy of green trees. (Lula Beck, interview, 22 March. (6.5" x 5"; a nice bicolored piece with well-formed flanges signed Another woman came [here] a number of years ago. . -- Furman Harris During the Senior Powwow in late spring of 2008 I found myself … Rebecca Pitchers are quite artistic but not very functional for water-dipping because of the tall handle. (Left: 5.5" x 3.25"; pitcher; unsigned & undated)(Center: 4" x 2.5"; pitcher; unsigned & undated)(Right: 4.75" x 2.75"; pitcher; signed but illegible, undated), Two-necked Round Wedding Vase with Ring Handle Lula Beck recalls that her grandmother, Margaret Brown, followed the same process. Some of the most colorful tales date from the mid-nineteenth century. “He makes us dream”- Henri Leconte on Roger Federer. The Catawba often talk of their grandparents' peddling experiences as well as their own. We would stop in Chester. Wouldn't charge nothing. (Left: 6" x 3"; heavily embossed bowl with handles; unsigned & undated) For instance, Mary (Dovie) Harris, who died in 1969, peddled pottery for most of her life. . I don't need no more rags" (Georgia Harris, interview, 20 October 1984, BC). [She] went way up the river on one-day walks. Catawba Indian Nation: Treasures in History. Most likely this was not their first or their last visit to the Gastonia area. Brown, D. S. 1966. They went on from there and found a swarm of bees, and grandma said that she wished that she could have the bees and take them home, but she had no way to get them. Univ. (6.5" x 3.5"; unsigned & undated). 1987. All rights reserved worldwide. Catawbas sometimes sold their pottery from roadside stands for the "tourist trade" and in mid-20th century set up booths at the gates to Winthrop College in Rock Hill; there, coeds at the then-all-girls school could purchase items both functional and decorative. . b. Peddling pottery remained an integral part of Catawba life until quite recently, and even today some Catawba potters occasionally peddle their wares. Hilton Pond Center for Piedmont Natural History near York, South Carolina, lies just 15 straight-line miles from the Catawba River, so it seems likely our property was traversed in times past by Catawba Indians exploring its tributaries. I don't remember his name, but he sold sandwiches downtown, and he bought pipes from my mother—lots of pipes" (Ida Harris, interview, 7 April 1977, BC; Frances Wade, interview, 6 April 1977, BC). The Harris family followed an old pattern of operation; they knew the route. Under his stewardship the tribe was relieved of more than $13 million in debt owed the federal government. We always asked a farmer for permission to stay in his yard. (Left: 6" x 4.75"; pitcher; signed by Florence Wade, 1993) When we got home I was so give in I could have fallen apart. A story told by Lula Beck probably dates from the Civil War period. I did not want any pottery, but the little girl looked so eager that someone would buy a pot that I took a small wedding jar from her. However, Ruth Meacham of Fort Mill, a woman interested in all things, was fascinated by the Catawba. Caveat emptor! Vietnam Veterans Memorial: Helps the younger generation understand - See 11,838 traveler reviews, 3,016 candid photos, and great deals for Washington DC, DC, at Tripadvisor. Catawbas known to have demonstrated their skills at Schoenbrunn include Emma & Early Brown, Catherine Sanders Canty, and Evelyn Brown George. In modern times, some Catawba males have elected to wear Plains Indians war bonnets and turquoise jewelry during appearances, unfortunately ignoring their heritage and propagating to students and the public the stereotype that all Indian tribes and nations dressed alike. The Barbers, they bought pots. 1880-d. 1935). Pottery making was and remains a business for the Catawba, and over the years, the Indians took advantage of any form of transportation available to them in order to peddle. She said, "Well, I brought her home, but she's about give out." Alabama Press, 352 pp. (Right: 3.5" x 3.25"; small wedding vase with loop handle; Before they could just go around in the area, when they could go in a wagon in a day's time and get back home. Another Catawba, the first Lamanite Patriarch, William F Canty came from 5 families who moved west with the Migration in 1887. Not very long ago. Tell me what you have of the Catawbas. As mentioned, John Lawson noted their eighteenth-century trade in pipes. Whenever we reached a place, we always went to the courthouse to get permission to sell. Palmetto Conservation Foundation, 99 pp. Pipes went for 15 cents each. Obviously, Georgia Harris never considered peddling pottery an option; the physical endurance this way of life required was not to her liking. In his book on The Catawbas (1989), James H. Merrell states: "The Catawba women who continue to make pottery using the traditional techniques are an on-going link with the tribe's past. She went over on the corner and ate it right out in the street. The Catawbas. “A lot of artisans there have gone to the U.S. because they couldn’t make a living from pottery,” says Gallardo, who was trained in Tonolá. Many times the YMCA would buy the pottery and resell it. by Sara Ayers; 1987), Large Arrowhead Pipe Even earlier among the master artisans was Martha Jane Harris (1860-1936), grandmother of master potter Georgia Harris (1905-1997). Moore, D.G. At night they hung a kerosene lantern on the wagon for a light (Bertha Harris, interview, 2 March 1981, BC). In the early Colonial days they followed familiar river routes, then when roads were cut through the forests, they pragmatically used them, on foot or horseback. Hudson, C. M. 1970. Hernando de Soto, the Spanish explorer, made first contact with the Catawbas in 1540. . According to Jiang, more and more of the younger generation are moving away from Jingdezhen. History Press, 125 pp. During bad weather, they displayed their wares in a nearby passageway between buildings (Carrie Garrison, interview, 27 January 1977, BC). Although this is pure speculation, there can be no doubt about the tribe's connection with the actual waterway, for the Catawbas call themselves yeh is-WAH h'reh, or "People of the River." Craig taught other potters in the Catawba Valley the hard-and-fast traditional methods he learned, occasioning a renewal of interest in pottery in the area when the outlook seemed bleak. (updated 08/30/20), All text & photos © Hilton Pond Center; do not use or duplicate in any way. This form dates back at least 2,000 years in the Middle Eastern tradition and, as such, is one of the older pottery styles still in use. After cleaning and drying their clay, Catawba women grind it into very fine powder to eliminate gritiness from the final product. The surrounding creeks were flooded, and the Indians were left stranded. Although there are no longer any full-blooded Catawbas, the tribe's cultural history has been retained by 2,000 or so descendants now living on or near the current reservation at Rock Hill SC. Just the women would go. After he got his car—why then they would venture out a little further and further from town" (Doris Blue, interview, 20 March 1980, BC). She laughed at me. But the younger generation wants to learn differently.” For Kozak and a lot of today’s L&D leaders, training is not about forcing students to memorize facts and protocols. (12" x 6"; signed by Earl Robbins, 1990. The photo above is of Catawba Indian family members who--an inscription on the back states--were summer residents at a place called "Schoenbrunn State Memorial Park" near New Philadelphia OH. The younger generation of Macanese entrepreneurs have been creating a new café coffee culture in the country. Among the more creative and accomplished of recent-era Catawba potters were the following: Evelyn Brown George (1914-2007, at left); Mildred Blue (1922-1997, first Catawba to graduate from Rock Hill High School); Emma Harris Canty Brown (1889-1961)--wife of Van Wyck SC ferryman Early Morgan Brown (1891-1963), who assisted Emma in scraping pottery pieces; Florence Harris Garcia Wade (1922-2017); Nola Campbell (1918-2009); Catherine Sanders Canty (1917-1999); Doris Blue (1905-1985); and Reola Harris (1921-1991)--twin sister to Viola Harris Robbins (1922-2010), in photo below right with husband Earl Robbins (1922-2010). While peddling on foot was being abandoned by many Indians, the practice continued to survive into the mid-twentieth century through economic need and short-term hard luck. Although many contemporary Catawba still speak of these outings, it is difficult today to find non-Indians who actually recall the Indians peddling pottery. Arzada Sanders recalled that very little money was exchanged. I guess she had a lot of flour sacks to wrap them in. I also sold to a man in Rock Hill. Bertha Harris also recalls her father, Moroni George, taking wagons full of pottery to Great Falls, a total of about 40 miles round trip. And she said, "We will." Catawba group that she has stored here on shelves. but from the 1950s or earlier) They only have an average delay of 18 seconds. We packed the pots in boxes—in straw and shavings. 5/1/2015 0 Comments Bruce Gholson and Samantha Henneke. Students and faculty came from every part of South Carolina, and most had never seen an Indian. (Edith Brown, interview, 21 April 1977, BC). Bradford, W. R. 1946. They traveled in two wagons covered with homespun. . Traditionally--and even today--Catawba men and children dig clay from isolated pits along the Catawba River; these prime sites are often kept secret from outsiders. This so-called "green" pot is allowed to dry for a few days, after which the potter thins the walls and smooths inner and outer surfaces using tools that may have been passed down from her/his mother or grandma or great granny. William (Buck) Canty spoke at the BYU Indian school graduation many times in the 1970s and toured with the Lamanite Generation in 1978. . I don't know if I was afraid I'd fall or not. Burlon Craig can trace his pottery education directly to Daniel Seagle. "Kpando Fesi Pottery was founded with 35 women in 1998 as an adult education group for women living in communities in the Volta region of Ghana. (10.25" x 5.25"; signed by Lillie Bryson, b. Ultimately it leads the younger generation to utter frustration and disappointment as a result they take the shelter of alcoholism and other bad habits.Although, people are politically aware of, but they are still under the clutches of village touts who mislead and misguide the target community. For uncountable generations, the Catawba had labored as both hunters and soldiers. . The 2007 election of Donald Wayne Rodgers (below left) as chief--the tribe's first new leader in more than three decades--appeared to bode well for reconciliation; according to Rodgers, in late September 2010 a general vote was taken to remove him from office, but he was cleared of any wrongdoing and finished his term in July 2011. It is broken and I can't sell it." The Catawba Nation. Arzada Sanders returned to towns her family had not visited in decades (Arzada Sanders, interview, 25 January 1977, BC). They'd have a snack [in a], croaker sack. Note that Catawba INDIAN pottery should not be confused with Catawba VALLEY pottery from North Carolina; the latter is NOT Native American artwork. We only packed pottery. Current Weather Conditions at Hilton Pond Center, (Just CLICK on a logo below or send a check if you like; see Support for address. The Catawba Indians: People of the River. She just walked a certain pace, and it was kind of fast. turtle effigy; signed by Beulah Harris; 2006), Medium Incised "Apple" Bowl . Blumer, T. J. The Indians knew where to stay and what procedures and laws to follow. (Left: 2.75" x 2.5"; vase; incised and signed by The Catawbas settled on the banks of the Catawba River--primarily in what is now York County, South Carolina--and built permanent, bark-covered roundhouses in which to live, plus huge Council Houses for tribal meetings.