Hod Hill is one of a chain of hill forts that extended from the port at Hengistbury. The spoil from re-digging the ditch was deposited on the back of the rampart. We use cookies to provide you with a better service. Dating from around 4000 BC, it was an oval area enclosed by two ditches,[4] It is called a causewayed enclosure because the way the ditches were dug meant that there would originally have been gaps. West Lulworth Tourism; West Lulworth Hotels; West Lulworth Bed and Breakfast; West Lulworth Vacation Rentals; West Lulworth Vacation Packages; Flights to West Lulworth Posted on July 11, 2020 by lizbetfry. Hambledon Hill is a National Nature Reserve and one of Dorset's most impressive Iron Age hillfort with multiple ramparts. The univallate fort of Bulbury (Lytchett Minster (30)), however, produced a find of La Tène objects probably deposited during the 1st century A.D.; the original construction of the work is undated, but it is the only hill-fort in S.E. [34] The emergence of one dominant hill fort in an area indicates that the inhabitants of a particular hill fort became more important than their contemporaries, possibly through warfare. Hill forts may have become important as centres of trade. Negatives of the Evening Post newspaper. [37] Developed hill forts were generally densely occupied; this is best demonstrated at Danebury, where 57% of the site has been excavated. Flint tools over 10,000 years old and two Bronze Age burial mounds are evidence that the site was in use long before the hill fort was built. They would be functional as defensive strongholds when there were tensions and undoubtedly some of them were attacked and destroyed, but this was not the only, or even the most significant, factor in their construction". This would explain the limited human activity on the hilltop for the 500 years after the bank barrow's construction. 01 – Badbury Rings hillfort, Dorset. [59] Based on the discovery of a group of bodies in the Late Iron Age formal cemetery that had met a violent death, archaeologist Mortimer Wheeler created a vivid story of the fall of Maiden Castle to Roman forces. It is likely that several farming communities lived in the hill fort and wanted different entrances. [8] Radiocarbon dating indicates that the enclosure was abandoned around 3,400 BC. Abbotsbury Castle is an Iron Age hill fort in south west Dorset, England, situated on Wears Hill above the village of Abbotsbury, seven miles west of Dorchester and the famous hill fort at Maiden Castle. Maiden Castle has provided inspiration for composer John Ireland and authors Thomas Hardy and John Cowper Powys. [9], Within a period of about 50 years, a bank barrow was built over the enclosure. [47] Early in the Iron Age, most of the pottery found at Maiden Castle was produced locally – within about 15 km (9.3 mi) – however later on sources further afield became more important, and by the Late Iron Age 95% of the pottery came from the area around Poole Harbour, more than 35 mi (56 km) away. The hill is a prehistoric hill fort and National Nature Reserve, situated in the Blackmore Vale, near Blandford Forum National Trust Images/Ross Hoddinott A look at the highlights of Hambledon Hill, to help you get the most out of your visit to this special place. Near Askerwell, Bridport, Eggardon Hill Fort has impressive 360 degree views across the county - on a clear day from there you can see right across Lyme Bay to South Devon and Start Point. A. Dorset that does not occupy an obviously commanding position. Those in Dorset were situated near expanses of fertile land. Take the view from the top, tune into nature all around you, and look for the footprints of the Iron Age round houses at your feet while you walk. [25] From parallels at these sites, Sharples deduces that it was probably densely occupied, with separate areas for habitation and storage. [35][36] This is supported by the possibility that the multiple rings of ditches often employed at developed hill forts (the technical term for which is "multivallate") were likely to be not just defensive; so many ditches and ramparts, such as those at Maiden Castle, were excessive for defence alone so were likely used as statements of power and authority. Ballance in 1941 high and consisted of the millennium went into decline and open... The largest hill fort were separated by a dry valley increasing use of Iron Age southern! Age society becoming more complex with the addition of further ramparts and footprint of Iron Age and Early Age! 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